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Evokation
 
 
Index
 

 

 

 

NUCLEAR FAMILY 19769

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE

MAGICALALPHABET

 

..................

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
-
-
-
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
R
=
9
-
7
RAINBOW
82
37
1
L
=
3
-
5
LIGHT
56
29
2
-
-
14
-
15
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
171
81
9
-
-
1+4
-
1+5
-
1+7+1
8+1
-
Q
-
5
-
6
THE RAINBOW LIGHT
9
9
9

 

 

 

 

 

 

THIS IS THE SCENE OF THE SCENE UNSEEN

THE UNSEEN SEEN OF THE SCENE UNSEEN THIS IS THE SCENE

 

 

3
THE
33
15
6
4
MIND
40
22
4
2
OF
21
12
3
9
HUMANKIND
95
41
5
18
First Total
189
90
18
1+8
Add to Reduce
1+8+9
9+0
1+8
9
Second Total
18
9
9
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
-
-
9
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

THE DIVINE COMEDY

OF

DANTE ALIGHIERI (1265-1321)

THE FLORENTINE

CANTICA I

HELL

(L'INFERNO)

INTRODUCTION

Page 9

"Midway this way of life we're bound upon

I woke to find myself in a dark wood,

Where the right road was wholly lost and gone."

 

 

M
=
4
-
6
MIDWAY
75
30
3
T
=
2
-
4
THIS
56
20
2
W
=
5
-
3
WAY
49
13
4
O
=
6
-
2
OF
21
12
3
L
=
3
-
4
LIFE
32
23
5
W
=
5
-
4
WE'RE
51
24
6
B
=
2
-
5
BOUND
56
20
2
U
=
3
-
4
UPON
66
21
3
-
-
30
-
32
-
406
163
28
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
1
I
9
9
9
W
=
5
-
4
WOKE
54
18
9
T
=
2
-
2
TO
35
8
8
F
=
6
-
4
FIND
33
24
6
M
=
4
-
6
MYSELF
80
26
8
I
=
9
-
2
IN
23
14
5
A
=
1
-
1
A
1
1
1
D
=
4
-
4
DARK
34
16
7
W
=
5
-
4
WOOD
57
21
3
-
-
45
-
28
-
326
137
56
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
W
=
5
-
5
WHERE
59
32
5
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
R
=
9
-
5
RIGHT
62
35
8
R
=
9
-
4
ROAD
38
20
2
W
=
5
-
3
WAS
43
7
7
W
=
5
-
6
WHOLLY
95
32
5
L
=
3
-
4
LOST
66
12
3
A
=
1
-
3
AND
19
10
1
G
=
7
-
4
GONE
41
23
5
-
-
46
-
37
-
456
186
42
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
121
-
97
First Total
1188
486
126
-
-
1+2+1
-
9+7
Add to Reduce
1+1+8+8
4+8+6
1+2+6
Q
-
4
-
16
Second Total
18
18
9
-
-
-
-
1+6
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
1+8
-
-
-
4
-
7
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

THE DIVINE COMEDY

OF

DANTE ALIGHIERI (1265-1321)

THE FLORENTINE

CANTICA I

HELL

(L'INFERNO)

INTRODUCTION

Page 9

"Power failed high fantasy here; yet, swift to move

Even as a wheel moves equal, free from jars,

Already my heart and will were wheeled by love,

The Love that moves the sun and other stars."

 

P
=
7
-
5
POWER
77
32
5
F
=
6
-
6
FAILED
37
28
1
H
=
8
-
4
HIGH
32
32
5
F
=
6
-
7
FANTASY
86
23
5
H
=
8
-
4
HERE
36
27
9
Y
=
7
-
3
YET
50
14
5
S
=
1
-
5
SWIFT
77
23
5
T
=
2
-
2
TO
35
8
8
M
=
4
-
4
MOVE
55
19
1
-
-
49
-
40
First Total
485
206
44
-
-
4+9
-
4+0
Add to Reduce
4+8+5
2+0+6
4+4
Q
-
13
-
4
Second Total
17
8
8
-
-
1+3
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+7
-
-
-
-
4
-
4
Essence of Number
8
8
8

 

 

E
=
5
-
4
EVEN
46
19
1
A
=
1
-
2
AS
20
2
2
A
=
1
-
1
A
1
1
1
W
=
5
-
5
WHEEL
53
26
8
M
=
4
-
5
MOVES
74
20
2
E
=
5
-
5
EQUAL
56
20
2
F
=
6
-
4
FREE
34
25
7
F
=
6
-
4
FROM
52
25
7
J
=
1
-
4
JARS
48
12
3
-
-
34
-
34
First Total
384
150
33
-
-
3+4
-
3+4
Add to Reduce
3+8+4
1+5+0
3+3
Q
-
7
-
7
Second Total
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+5
-
-
-
-
7
-
7
Essence of Number
6
6
6

 

 

A
=
1
-
7
ALREADY
66
30
3
M
=
4
-
2
MY
38
11
2
H
=
8
-
5
HEART
52
25
7
A
=
1
-
3
AND
19
10
1
W
=
5
-
4
WILL
56
20
2
W
=
5
-
4
WERE
51
24
7
W
=
5
-
7
WHEELED
62
35
8
B
=
2
-
2
BY
27
9
9
L
=
3
-
4
LOVE
54
18
9
-
-
34
-
38
First Total
425
182
47
-
-
3+4
-
3+8
Add to Reduce
4+2+5
1+8+2
4+7
Q
-
7
-
11
Second Total
11
11
11
-
-
-
-
1+1
Reduce to Deduce
1+1
1+1
1+1
-
-
7
-
2
Essence of Number
2
2
2

 

 

T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
L
=
3
-
4
LOVE
54
18
9
T
=
2
-
4
THAT
49
13
4
M
=
4
-
5
MOVES
74
20
2
T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
S
=
1
-
3
SUN
54
9
9
A
=
1
-
3
AND
19
10
1
O
=
6
-
5
OTHER
66
30
3
S
=
1
-
5
STARS
77
14
5
-
-
22
-
35
First Total
459
144
45
-
-
2+2
-
3+5
Add to Reduce
4+5+9
1+4+4
4+5
Q
-
4
-
8
Second Total
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+8
-
-
-
-
4
-
8
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

3
THE
33
15
6
4
HOLY
60
24
6
7
MESSAGE
-
-
-
2
M+E
18
9
9
1
S
19
10
1
3
S+A+G
27
18
9
1
E
5
5
5
7
MESSAGE
69
42
24
14
Add
162
81
36
1+4
Reduce
1+6+2
8+1
3+6
5
Deduce
9
9
9

 

 

THE

FAR YONDER SCRIBE

AND OFT TIMES SHADOWED SUBSTANCES WATCHED IN FINE AMAZE

THE

ZED ALIZ ZED

IN SWIFT REPEAT SCATTER STAR DUST AMONGST THE LETTERS OF THEIR PROGRESS

AT THE THROW OF THE NINTH NUMBER WHEN IN CONJUNCTION SET

THE

FAR YONDER SCRIBE

MADE RECORD OF THEIR FALL

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
-
5
ADDED
18
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
-
2
TO
35
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
A
=
1
-
3
ALL
25
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
M
=
4
-
5
MINUS
76
22
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
4
NONE
48
21
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
-
6
SHARED
55
28
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
B
=
2
-
2
BY
27
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
E
=
5
-
10
EVERYTHING
133
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
M
=
4
-
10
MULTIPLED
121
49
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IN
23
14
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
9
ABUNDANCE
65
29
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
35
-
58
First Total
626
266
59
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
14
8
18
-
-
3+5
-
5+8
Add to Reduce
6+2+6
2+6+6
5+9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
1+8
-
-
8
-
13
Second Total
14
14
10
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
1+3
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
4
Essence of Number
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
=
1
-
5
ADDED
18
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
T
=
2
-
2
TO
35
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
A
=
1
-
3
ALL
25
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
M
=
4
-
5
MINUS
76
22
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
4
NONE
48
21
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
-
-
S
=
1
-
6
SHARED
55
28
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
B
=
2
-
2
BY
27
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
E
=
5
-
10
EVERYTHING
133
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
M
=
4
-
10
MULTIPLED
121
49
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IN
23
14
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
9
ABUNDANCE
65
29
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
35
-
58
First Total
626
266
59
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
14
8
18
-
-
3+5
-
5+8
Add to Reduce
6+2+6
2+6+6
5+9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
1+8
-
-
8
-
13
Second Total
14
14
10
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
1+3
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
4
Essence of Number
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9

 

LETTERS TRANSPOSED INTO NUMBER REARRANGED IN NUMERICAL ORDER

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
S
=
1
-
6
SHARED
55
28
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
9
ABUNDANCE
65
29
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
N
=
5
-
4
NONE
48
21
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
5
MINUS
76
22
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
M
=
4
-
10
MULTIPLED
121
49
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
-
-
-
I
=
9
-
2
IN
23
14
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
A
=
1
-
3
ALL
25
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
E
=
5
-
10
EVERYTHING
133
61
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
-
-
T
=
2
-
2
TO
35
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
A
=
1
-
5
ADDED
18
18
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
B
=
2
-
2
BY
27
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
9
-
-
35
-
58
First Total
626
266
59
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
14
8
18
-
-
3+5
-
5+8
Add to Reduce
6+2+6
2+6+6
5+9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
1+8
-
-
8
-
13
Second Total
14
14
10
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
1+3
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
4
Essence of Number
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
5
6
5
8
9

 

 

26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
+
=
43
4+3
=
7
=
7
=
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
14
15
-
-
-
19
-
-
-
-
24
-
26
+
=
115
1+1+5
=
7
=
7
=
7
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-
-
1
2
3
4
-
-
7
8
9
-
2
3
4
5
-
7
-
+
=
83
8+3
=
11
1+1
2
=
2
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
-
-
10
11
12
13
-
-
16
17
18
-
20
21
22
23
-
25
-
+
=
236
2+3+6
=
11
1+1
2
=
2
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
+
=
351
3+5+1
=
9
=
9
=
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
+
=
126
1+2+6
=
9
=
9
=
9
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
1
occurs
x
3
=
3
=
3
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
2
occurs
x
3
=
6
=
6
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
3
occurs
x
3
=
9
=
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
+
=
4
occurs
x
3
=
12
1+2
3
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
+
=
5
occurs
x
3
=
15
1+5
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
+
=
6
occurs
x
3
=
18
1+8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
+
=
7
occurs
x
3
=
21
2+1
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
+
=
8
occurs
x
3
=
24
2+4
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
+
=
9
occurs
x
2
=
18
1+8
9
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
45
-
-
26
-
126
-
54
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4+5
-
-
2+6
-
1+2+6
-
5+4
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
26
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
-
-
9
-
-
8
-
9
-
9

 

 

1
-
O
=
6
-
3
ONE
34
16
7
2
-
T
=
2
-
3
TWO
58
13
4
3
-
T
=
2
-
5
THREE
56
29
2
4
-
F
=
6
-
4
FOUR
60
24
6
5
-
F
=
6
-
4
FIVE
42
24
6
6
-
S
=
1
-
3
SIX
52
16
7
7
-
S
=
1
-
5
SEVEN
65
20
2
8
-
E
=
5
-
5
EIGHT
49
31
4
9
-
N
=
5
-
4
NINE
42
24
6
45
-
-
-
34
-
36
Add
458
197
44
4+5
-
-
-
3+4
-
3+6
Reduce
4+5+8
1+9+7
4+4
9
-
-
-
7
4
9
Deduce
17
17
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Produce
1+7
1+7
-
9
-
-
-
7
-
9
Essence
8
8
8

 

 

0
-
Z
=
8
-
4
ZERO
64
28
1
1
-
O
=
6
-
3
ONE
34
16
7
2
-
T
=
2
-
3
TWO
58
13
4
3
-
T
=
2
-
5
THREE
56
29
2
4
-
F
=
6
-
4
FOUR
60
24
6
5
-
F
=
6
-
4
FIVE
42
24
6
6
-
S
=
1
-
3
SIX
52
16
7
7
-
S
=
1
-
5
SEVEN
65
20
2
8
-
E
=
5
-
5
EIGHT
49
31
4
9
-
N
=
5
-
4
NINE
42
24
6
45
-
-
-
42
-
40
Add
522
225
45
4+5
-
-
-
4+2
-
4+0
Reduce
5+2+2
2+2+5
4+5
9
-
-
-
6
-
4
Deduce
9
9
9

 

 

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

I

SAY

GODS I ME I GODS

REAL REALITY REVEALED REALITY REAL

 

 

ADVENT 999 ADVEN

 

QUO VADIS

180 - 36 - 9

QUO VADIS

WHITHER GOEST THOU

 

WHO ARE YOU

WHEN YOUR ALL THERE

ME

?

IM DENISON FROM THE IM DENISON

DIMENSION

 

 

MIND MATTER MIND

REACTIVE CREATIVE REACTIVE

CREATION REACTION CREATION

REAL REALITY REVEALED

THE

MEANING

OF

LIFE

THE PROVING OF GODS

IMMORTAL

CREATOR

SPIRIT

OF

UNIVERSAL MIND

OF

COSMIC CONSCIOUSNESS

THAT THAT THAT

LIFE

IS

LIFE THE CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS

THE UNIVERSAL LIFE FORCE THAT IS QUALITATIVELY THE SAME IN EVERY UNIQUE EMANATION OF LIVING

FORM REGARDLESS, AND CIRCUMSCRIBED ONLY BY THE LIMITATIONS IMPOSED UPON ITS LIVING

FORM WITHIN WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL LIFE ITSELF IS BIRTHED INTO BEING

 

LIFE THE CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS

HEARKEN THE LIVING CREATIVITY SEEN IN NATURE, WHEREIN THEREIN CAN BE OBSERVED WITHIN THE

HERE AND NOW OF PLANET EARTH, THE EVOCATION INTO LIFE OF A TOTAL COLLECTIVE CREATIVE

INTELLIGENCE SHOWN IN ALL ITS GLORY TO BE EXPRESSING THE SAME INGENIOUS PROBLEM SOLVING

INSTINCTS NECESSARY FOR ITS SURVIVAL IN SINGULAR OR MULTIVARIOUS FORMS, AND WHICH IS

APPARENT IN ALL LIVING CREATURES INCLUDING THAT OF SELF SACRIFICE, AS AND WHEN SUCH MOMENT

ARRIVES. THIS COLLECTIVE CREATIVE INTELLIGENCE PERMEATES HERE THERE AND EVERYWHERE,

HOWEVER MADE MANIFEST, SPRINGING FORTH AS SO CALLED PRIMITIVE LIFE FORMS, OR AS MORE

COMPLEX LIFE, EXPRESSED IN HUMANKIND OR ANY OTHER KIND OF KIND, ALL ACTIVATED AND MOTIVATED

BY THAT SUPREME LIFE BEQUEATHING INTELLIGENT CREATIVE CONSCIOUSNESS, THE UNIVERSAL LIFE

FORCE THAT IS QUALITATIVELY THE SAME IN EVERY UNIQUE EMANATION OF LIFE ETERNAL,

CIRCUMSCRIBED ONLY BY THE LIMITATIONS IMPOSED UPON ITS LIVING FORM WITHIN WHICH INDIVIDUAL

LIFE ITSELF IS BIRTHED INTO BEING. A COMMON INTELLIGENT CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS AS WONDERFUL

AND MESMERISING IN EACH AND EVERY WAY, AS IS ANY OTHER VARIETIES ALL BEYOND COMPARE,

A UNIVERSAL CREATOR CONSCIOUSNESS MAGNIFICENTLY SPREAD THROUGHOUT CREATION ITSELF,

REGARDLESS OF OCCASION. INSPIRED FROM OUT THE IN OF ITS IMMORTAL LIVING CREATIVE POWER. THE

LIFE FULFILLING SPIRIT BIRTHING ITSELF WITHIN THE UNFOLDING CYCLE OF ITS ENDLESS LIVING FOREVER.

 

 

LIFE THE CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS

THE UNIVERSAL LIFE FORCE THAT IS QUALITATIVELY THE SAME IN EVERY UNIQUE EMANATION OF LIVING

FORM REGARDLESS, AND CIRCUMSCRIBED ONLY BY THE LIMITATIONS IMPOSED UPON ITS LIVING

FORM WITHIN WHICH AN INDIVIDUAL LIFE ITSELF IS BIRTHED INTO BEING

 

 

EINSTEIN VERSUS ?????????

A THIMBLE OF WATER, AN EGG CUP OF, A JUG OF, A POOL OF, A RIVER OF, A SEA OF, A UNIVERSE OF.

WATER WATER EVERYWHERE AND NOT A DROP TO THINK

?

LIFE THE CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS

 

 

 

EHT NAMUH 1973

 

 

THE LOST WORLDS OF 2001

Arthur C. Clarke 1972

Page179

"A long time ago," said Kaminski, "I came across a remark that I've never forgotten-though I can't remember who made it. 'Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.' That's what we're up against here. Our lasers and mesotrons and nuclear reactors and neutrino telescopes would have seemed pure magic to the best scientists of the nineteenth century. But they could have understood how they worked-more or less-if we were around to explain the theory to them."

 Page 189

"The other is Clarke's Third* Law"

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic"

GODS OF THE DAWN

Peter Lemesurier

1997

"As Arthur C. Clarke's perceptive Third Law puts it:

"Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic."

 

 

THE SECRET HISTORY

OF

ANCIENT EGYPT

Herbie Brennan

2000

"The British science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke is said to have commented that

"any sufficiently high technology is indistinguishable from magic"

 

 

THE BIBLE CODE

Michael Drosnin 1997

Chapter Four

THE SEALED BOOK  

Page 70

"The astronomer Carl Sagan once noted that if there was other intelligent life in the universe some of it would have certainly evolved far earlier than we did, and had thousands, or hundreds of thousands, or millions, or hundreds of millions of years to develop the advanced technology that we are only now beginning to develop.

'After billions of years of biological evolution - on their planet and ours - an alien civilization cannot be in technological lockstep with us,' wrote Sagan.

'There 'have been humans for more than twenty thousand centuries, but we've had radio only for about one century,' wrote Sagan. 'If alien civilizations are behind us, they're likely to be too far behind us to have radio. And if they're ahead of us, they're likely to be far ahead of us. Think of the technical advances on our world over just the last few centuries. What is for us technologically difficult or impossible, what might seem to us like magic, might for them be trivially easy.'

The author of 2001, Arthur C. Clarke - who envisioned a mysterious black monolith that reappears at successive stages of human evolution, each time we are ready to be taken to a higher level - made a similar observation:

'Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.

'pages 69-75 Chapter notes,

Page 163

The astronomer Carl Sagan suggested that an advanced alien technology 'might seem to us like magic' in Pale Blue Dot (Random House, 1994), p. 352.

The author of 2001, Arthur C. Clarke, made a similar observation: 'Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic' (Profiles of the Future, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1984).

Paul Davies' imagined 'alien artifact' is described in his book Are We Alone? (Basic Books, 1995), p. 42. Stanley Kubrick, in his famous movie version of Clarke's 2001, showed a mysterious black monolith that seemed to reappear at successive stages of human evolution, each time we were ready to be taken to a higher level. When I told him about the Bible code, Kubrick's immediate reaction was, 'It's like the monolith in 2001.' "

 

 

FIRST CONTACT

THE SEARCH FOR EXTRA TERRESTRIAL INTELLIGENCE

Edited By Beb Bova and Byron Preiss

1990

SEIZING THE MOMENT

A UNIQUE MOMENT IN HUMAN HISTORYMichael Michaud

 

ANTHROPOCENTRISM GOOD-BYE

Page311

"The most profound message from the aliens may never be spoken: We are not alone or unique. Contact would tell us that life and intelligence have evolved elsewhere in the Universe, and that they may be common by-products of cosmic evolution. Contact would tend to confirm the theory that life evolves chemically from inanimate mat- ter, through universal processes,implying that there are other alien civilizations in addition to the one we had detected. We might see ourselves as just one example of biocosmic processes, one facet of the Universe becoming aware of itself. We would undergo a revolution in the way that we conceive our own position in the Universe; any remaining pretense of centrality or a special role, any belief that we are a chosen species would be dashed for- ever, completing the process begun by Copernicus four centuries ago.

The revelation that we are not the most technologically advanced intelligent species could lead to a humbling deflation of our sense of self-importance. We might reclassify ourselves to a lower level of ability and worth. This leveling of our pretensions, this anti-hubris, could be intensified if we were confronted with alien technology beyond our understanding.

(Arthur C. Clarke has observed that any sufficiently advanced technology would be indistinguishable from magic.)

"ANY SUFFICIENTLY ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY IS INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM MAGIC"

 

 

ANY SUFFICIENTLY ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY IS INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM MAGIC

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
3
ANY
40
13
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
2
12
SUFFICIENTLY
149
68
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
3
8
ADVANCED
54
27
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
4
10
TECHNOLOGY
124
52
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
I
=
9
5
2
IS
28
19
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
6
17
INDISTINGUISHABLE
182
101
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
F
=
6
7
4
FROM
52
25
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
M
=
4
8
5
MAGIC
33
24
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
-
61
First Total
662
329
41
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
14
8
9
-
-
3+3
-
6+1
Add to Reduce
6+6+2
3+2+9
4+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Second Total
14
14
5
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Essence of Number
5
5
1
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
3
ANY
40
13
4
-
-
-
3
4
-
-
-
8
-
S
=
1
2
12
SUFFICIENTLY
149
68
5
-
-
-
3
-
5
-
-
8
-
A
=
1
3
8
ADVANCED
54
27
9
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
8
9
T
=
2
4
10
TECHNOLOGY
124
52
7
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
7
8
-
I
=
9
5
2
IS
28
19
1
-
1
-
3
-
-
-
-
8
-
I
=
9
6
17
INDISTINGUISHABLE
182
101
2
-
-
2
3
-
-
-
-
8
-
F
=
6
7
4
FROM
52
25
7
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
7
8
-
M
=
4
8
5
MAGIC
33
24
6
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
-
61
First Total
662
329
41
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
14
8
9
-
-
3+3
-
6+1
Add to Reduce
6+6+2
3+2+9
4+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Second Total
14
14
5
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Essence of Number
5
5
1
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9

 

LETTERS TRANSPOSED INTO NUMBER REARRANGED IN NUMERICAL ORDER

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
5
2
IS
28
19
1
-
1
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
6
17
INDISTINGUISHABLE
182
101
2
-
-
2
3
-
-
-
-
8
-
A
=
1
1
3
ANY
40
13
4
-
-
-
3
4
-
-
-
8
-
S
=
1
2
12
SUFFICIENTLY
149
68
5
-
-
-
3
-
5
-
-
8
-
M
=
4
8
5
MAGIC
33
24
6
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
8
-
T
=
2
4
10
TECHNOLOGY
124
52
7
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
7
8
-
F
=
6
7
4
FROM
52
25
7
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
7
8
-
A
=
1
3
8
ADVANCED
54
27
9
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
-
61
First Total
662
329
41
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
14
8
9
-
-
3+3
-
6+1
Add to Reduce
6+6+2
3+2+9
4+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Second Total
14
14
5
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Essence of Number
5
5
1
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
4
5
6
7
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
5
2
IS
28
19
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
6
17
INDISTINGUISHABLE
182
101
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
3
ANY
40
13
4
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
2
12
SUFFICIENTLY
149
68
5
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
M
=
4
8
5
MAGIC
33
24
6
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
T
=
2
4
10
TECHNOLOGY
124
52
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
F
=
6
7
4
FROM
52
25
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
A
=
1
3
8
ADVANCED
54
27
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
-
61
First Total
662
329
41
-
1
2
9
9
9
14
9
-
-
3+3
-
6+1
Add to Reduce
6+6+2
3+2+9
4+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
3
-
7
Second Total
14
14
5
-
1
2
9
9
9
5
9
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Essence of Number
5
5
1
-
1
2
9
9
9
5
9

 

 

THE DEATH OF GODS IN ANCIENT EGYPT

Jane B. Sellars 1992

Page 204

"The overwhelming awe that accompanies the realization, of the measurable orderliness of the universe strikes modern man as well. Admiral Weiland E. Byrd, alone In the Antarctic for five months of polar darkness, wrote these phrases of intense feeling:

Here were the imponderable processes and forces of the cosmos, harmonious and soundless. Harmony, that was it! I could feel no doubt of oneness with the universe. The conviction came that the rhythm was too orderly, too harmonious, too perfect to be a product of blind chance - that, therefore there must be purpose in the whole and that man was part of that whole and not an accidental offshoot. It was a feeling that transcended reason; that went to the heart of man's despair and found it groundless. The universe was a cosmos, not a chaos; man was as rightfully a part of that cosmos as were the day and night.10

Returning to the account of the story of Osiris, son of Cronos god of' Measurable Time, Plutarch takes, pains to remind the reader of the original Egyptian year consisting of 360 days.

Phrases are used that prompt simple mental. calculations and an attention to numbers, for example, the 360-day year is described as being '12 months of 30 days each'. Then we are told that, Osiris leaves on a long journey, during which Seth, his evil brother, plots with 72 companions to slay Osiris: He also secretly obtained the measure of Osiris and made ready a chest in which to entrap him.

The, interesting thing about this part of the-account is that nowhere in the original texts of the Egyptians are we told that Seth, has 72 companions. We have already been encouraged to equate Osiris with the concept of measured time; his father being Cronos. It is also an observable fact that Cronos-Saturn has the longest sidereal period of the known planets at that time, an orbit. of 30 years. Saturn is absent from a specific constellation for that length of time.

A simple mathematical fact has been revealed to any that are even remotely sensitive to numbers: if you multiply 72 by 30, the years of Saturn's absence (and the mention of Osiris's absence prompts one to recall this other), the resulting product is 2,160: the number of years required, for one 30° shift, or a shift: through one complete sign of the zodiac. This number multplied by the / Page205 / 12 signs also gives 25,920. (And Plutarch has reminded us of 12)

If you multiply the unusual number 72 by 360, a number that Plutarch mentions several times, the product will be 25,920, again the number of years symbolizing the ultimate rebirth.

This 'Eternal Return' is the return of, say, Taurus to the position of marking the vernal equinox by 'riding in the solar bark with. Re' after having relinquished this honoured position to Aries, and subsequently to the to other zodiacal constellations.

Such a return after 25,920 years is indeed a revisit to a Golden Age, golden not only because of a remarkable symmetry In the heavens, but golden because it existed before the Egyptians experienced heaven's changeability.

But now to inform the reader of a fact he or she may already know. Hipparaus did: not really have the exact figures: he was a trifle off in his observations and calculations. In his published work, On the Displacement of the Solstitial and Equinoctial Signs, he gave figures of 45" to 46" a year, while the truer precessional lag along the ecliptic is about 50 seconds. The exact measurement for the lag, based on the correct annual lag of 50'274" is 1° in 71.6 years, or 36in 25,776 years, only 144 years less than the figure of 25,920.

With Hipparchus's incorrect figures a 'Great Year' takes from 28,173.9 to 28,800 years, incorrect by a difference of from 2,397.9 years to 3,024.

Since Nicholas Copernicus (AD 1473-1543) has always been credited with giving the correct numbers (although Arabic astronomer Nasir al-Din Tusi,11 born AD 1201, is known to have fixed the Precession at 50°), we may correctly ask, and with justifiable astonishment 'Just whose information was Plutarch transmitting'

AN IMPORTANT POSTSCRIPT

Of course, using our own notational system, all the important numbers have digits that reduce to that amazing number 9 a number that has always delighted budding mathematician.

Page 206

Somewhere along the way, according to Robert Graves, 9 became the number of lunar wisdom.12

This number is found often in the mythologies of the world. the Viking god Odin hung for nine days and nights on the World Tree in order to acquire the secret of the runes, those magic symbols out of which writing and numbers grew. Only a terrible sacrifice would give away this secret, which conveyed upon its owner power and dominion over all, so Odin hung from his neck those long 9 days and nights over the 'bottomless abyss'. In the tree were 9 worlds, and another god was said to have been born of 9 mothers.

Robert Graves, in his White Goddess, Is intrigued by the seemingly recurring quality of the number 72 in early myth and ritual. Graves tells his reader that 72 is always connected with the number 5, which reflects, among other things, the five Celtic dialects that he was investigating. Of course, 5 x 72= 360, 360 x 72= 25,920. Five is also the number of the planets known to the ancient world, that is, Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus Mercury.

Graves suggests a religious mystery bound up with two ancient Celtic 'Tree Alphabets' or cipher alphabets, which as genuine articles of Druidism were orally preserved and transmitted for centuries. He argues convincingly that the ancient poetry of Europe was ultimately based on what its composers believed to be magical principles, the rudiments of which formed a close religious secret for centuries. In time these were-garbled, discredited and forgotten.

Among the many signs of the transmission of special numbers he points out that the aggregate number of letter strokes for the complete 22-letter Ogham alphabet that he is studying is 72 and that this number is the multiple of 9, 'the number of lunar wisdom'. . . . he then mentions something about 'the seventy day season during which Venus moves successively from. maximum eastern elongation 'to inferior conjunction and maximum western elongation'.13

Page 207

"...Feniusa Farsa, Graves equates this hero with Dionysus. Farsa has 72 assistants who helped him master the 72 languages created at the confusion of Babel, the tower of which is said to be built of 9 different materials

We are also reminded of the miraculous translation into Greek of the Five Books of Moses that was done by 72 scholars working for 72 days, Although the symbol for the Septuagint is LXX, legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records 72. The translation was done for Ptolemy Philadelphus (c.250 BC), by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandra.14

Graves did not know why this number was necessary, but he points out that he understands Frazer's Golden Bough to be a book hinting that 'the secret involves the truth that the Christian dogma, and rituals, are the refinement of a great body of primitive beliefs, and that the only original element in Christianity- is the personality of Christ.15

Frances A. Yates, historian of Renaissance hermetisma tells, us the cabala had 72 angels through which the sephiroth (the powers of God) are believed to be approached, and further, she supplies the information that although the Cabala supplied a set of 48 conclusions purporting to confirm the Christian religion from the foundation of ancient wisdom, Pico Della Mirandola, a Renaissance magus, introduced instead 72, which were his 'own opinion' of the correct number. Yates writes, 'It is no accident there are seventy-two of Pico's Cabalist conclusions, for the conclusion shows that he knew something of the mystery of the Name of God with seventy-two letters.'16

In Hamlet's Mill de Santillana adds the facts that 432,000 is the number of syllables in the Rig-Veda, which when multiplied by the soss (60) gives 25,920" (The reader is forgiven for a bit of laughter at this point)

The Bible has not escaped his pursuit. A prominent Assyriologist of the last century insisted that the total of the years recounted mounted in Genesis for the lifetimes of patriarchs from the Flood also contained the needed secret numbers. (He showed that in the 1,656 years recounted in the Bible there are 86,400 7 day weeks, and dividing this number yields / Page 208 / 43,200.) In Indian yogic schools it is held that all living beings exhale and inhale 21,600 times a day, multiply this by 2 and again we have the necessary 432 digits.

Joseph Campbell discerns the secret in the date set for the coming of Patrick to Ireland. Myth-gives this date-as-the interesting number of AD.432.18

Whatever one may think-of some of these number coincidences, it becomes difficult to escape the suspicion that many signs (number and otherwise) - indicate that early man observed the results of the movement of Precession and that the - transmission of this information was considered of prime importance.

With the awareness of the phenomenon, observers would certainly have tried for its measure, and such an endeavour would have constituted the construction-of a 'Unified Field Theory' for nothing less than Creation itself. Once determined, it would have been information worthy of secrecy and worthy of the passing on to future adepts.

But one last word about mankind's romance with number coincidences.The antagonist in John Updike's novel, Roger's Version, is a computer hacker, who, convinced, that scientific evidence of God's existence is accumulating, endeavours to prove it by feeding -all the available scientific information. into a comuter. In his search for God 'breaking, through', he has become fascinated by certain numbers that have continually been cropping up. He explains them excitedly as 'the terms of Creation':

"...after a while I noticed that all over the sheet there seemed to hit these twenty-fours Jumping out at me. Two four; two, four. Planck time, for instance, divided by the radiation constant yields a figure near eight times ten again to the negative twenty-fourth, and the permittivity of free space, or electric constant, into the Bohr radius ekla almost exactly six times ten to the negative twenty-fourth. On positive side, the electromagnetic line-structure constant times Hubble radius - that is, the size of the universe as we now perceive it gives us something quite close to ten to the twenty-fourth, and the strong-force constant times the charge on the proton produces two point four times ten to the negative eighteenth, for another I began to circle twenty-four wherever it appeared on the Printout here' - he held it up his piece of stripped and striped wallpaper, decorated / Page 209 / with a number of scarlet circles - 'you can see it's more than random.'19
This inhabitant of the twentieth century is convinced that the striking occurrences of 2 and 4 reveal the sacred numbers by which God is speaking to us.

So much for any scorn directed to ancient man's fascination with number coincidences. That fascination is alive and well, Just a bit more incomprehensible"

 

LIFE THE CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS
Post by Redbeck » 05 Oct 2021 01:03

LOOK ABROAD THROUGH NATURE’S RANGE NATURE’S MIGHTY LAW IS CHANGE.” Robbie Burns

We are in search of examples of nature’s supreme intelligence at work, is their perhaps a greater power pulling the strings of what we humans generalise in the word “evolution”. Yet within that generalisation there are distinct types of evolution.

Here are a trio of our own citations, however your contributions are immensely valuable and we need to hear from you with those most remarkable examples that you find to be truly unaccountable to one overriding theory. Thank you in advance Redbeck


Klaus Stiefel / Flickr.
Some creatures seem to have perfectly adapted to their environment. Take the koala. Thanks to a specialised digestive system, it survives on those very fibrous, low on nutrients and, to most other animals, poisonous eucalypt leaves.

Animals with features most suited to their environment such as the koala, which can digest eucalyptus leaves, are more likely to survive, and pass their specialised genes onto their offspring

.

Klaus Stiefel / Flickr.

Or the queen of camouflage: the leafy seadragon of southern Australia. It’s a kind of seahorse which, thanks to the development of a number of plant-like protuberances, looks exactly like a clump of floating seaweed. Not only does this render the seahorse invisible to potential predators but, when tiny shrimp take shelter encouraged by its leafy appendages - unwittingly embracing the seahorse as a safe haven of greenery – therefore becoming an easy meal for their flamboyantly disguised host.

Some plants, such as the Venus Fly Trap, are carnivorous. Usually plants obtain nitrogen, a chemical element vital to any plant’s survival, extracted from the soil through their roots. These plants, however, usually grow in areas where the soil lacks nitrogen. Therefore they are unable to obtain sufficient nitrogen from their environmental soil base. In order to thrive in such nitrogen-poor soil environment, these carnivorous plants supplement this deficiency by capturing insects in trap-like leaves. The insects thus become the alternative source of nitrogen for the plant allowing it to survive and flourish in a nitrogen-poor habitat.


Re: LIFE THE CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS
Post by Auriorusiana » 05 Oct 2021 04:04

How will we fit to our environment in a world of smog and flood? Should we even evolve to fit to a wicked world or should we die to love for a pure one.

The human can survive, should the human survive if it renders itself to have to survive in a world of micro plastics and chemical castration?

The moment Cypress trees become carnivorous we should sign over our right as the apex creature, that’s a deadly combination, or the Goliath bird eating spider. That shits terrifying, the Lord makes it clear although we are Creator as him on this earth abt of the creations can keep us in check when push comes


Re: LIFE THE CREATIVE METAMORPHOSIS
Post by Oracle » 05 Oct 2021 11:49

The image of creator is an image that creates.

When creation reaches ratio Phi (like the moon),
you will find a slice of the divine, according to its will, full of light. There also is the opposite polarity, which is truly the same in nature, and begins and ends the cycle anew.

 

THE SIX MIRACLES OF NATURE
www.backyardnature.net › ...

And what better definition of "enlightenment" is there than "living in harmony with the general flow of the evolving Earth?" For example, in Nature here on ... The concept of the Six Miracles of Nature is a mental "tool" helping us grasp the miraculous nature of Life on Earth. It has nothing to do with any religion.

THE SIX {clickable} MIRACLES ARE

1.There's something instead of nothing.
2.From the beginning, things started evolving.
3.Life arose.
4.Life evolved.5.Some living things evolved complex instinctual behavior.
6.Instinctual behavior blossomed into consciousness, along with the ability to be inspired, have a sense of aesthetics, to grow spiritually, to override the dictates of our genes, and consciously to develop other traits harmonious with the rest of the evolving Earth.

 

WHY IS THE SIX MIRACLES CONCEPT USEFUL?

For the informed, modern mind, neither atheism nor the world's religions provide adequate spiritual guidance. The Six Miracles concept nurtures our natural spirituality while suggesting patterns of moral and ethical behavior.

*Does the rest of the Universe follow the same evolutionary pattern seen here on Earth? Nobody knows. The Six Miracles concept is for Earth, but that's good enough for right now.

OTHER THINKING TOOLS: •Concept of the One Thing
•Concept of A Nature-Study/ Spirituality Flowchart
•Free online book: Nature-Study Meditation

•time spiral, created by Wikimedia Commons contributor Pablo Carlos BudassiAn image on which to meditate on the evolution of the Universe. Image produced by Pablo Carlos Budassi. Click on small image for a larger-than-screen, 6MB version.

For, except for the First Miracle, each Miracle arises from a preceding Miracle, like footsteps along a path. The resulting path indicates a direction taken by evolution here on Earth.* By meditating on that path and its direction, we get a feeling for how we can harmonize our lives with it.

And what better definition of "enlightenment" is there than "living in harmony with the general flow of the evolving Earth?"

For example, in Nature here on Earth we see that recycling is practiced, and that evolution leads to ever greater diversity. Therefore, we can say that Nature teaches that we humans should recycle, and revere the Earth's diversity.

Many such instructive patterns exist in Nature. The Six Miracles concept helps us identify and think about them. We are most fulfilled and exist at a higher spiritual level when we live in accordance with Nature's teachings.

 

Begin with the FIRST MIRACLE.

THE FIRST MIRACLE OF NATURE


Of all the miracles of Nature the First is the most miraculous, yet also it is the one about which the least may be said. For, the First Miracle was this:

THAT SOMETHING AROSE OUT OF NOTHING

If the miraculous nature of this First Miracle is not self evident to you, then you will not find the other miracles miraculous, either.

However, if you do accept the First Miracle as a miracle, you might become comfortable with this thought: That you are a believer in miracles

 

THE SECOND MIRACLE OF NATURE

The Second Miracle of Nature is this:

THAT THE MOMENT THERE WAS SOMETHING, IT BEGAN EVOLVING

The creative impulse that brought something about could have been content with a homogenous cloud of equally spaced hydrogen atoms, for instance, or an unending field of energy, or any number of unchanging, uniform, symmetrical states.

However, science assures us that, from the very first instant of there being something, things clumped, things combined and created new things, and what came of all this evolving stuff became unimaginably complex, tumultuous, and beautiful.

 

THE THIRD MIRACLE OF NATURE

The Third Miracle of Nature is this:

AS SOON AS THE EARTH HAD COOLED ENOUGH, LIFE CAME INTO EXISTENCE

It has been suggested the formation of life might have been almost inevitable -- that maybe something like clay particles provided a matrix enabling the right kinds of atoms to line up to form self-replicating RNA molecules.

Even if someday it is proved that life could have arisen in such a way, it still must be regarded as miraculous that, in the beginning, the various atoms and molecules involved turned out to be "just right."

 

THE FOURTH MIRACLE OF NATURE

The Fourth Miracle of Nature is this:

AS SOON AS LIFE EXISTED, IT BEGAN EVOLVING

Life arose between 4500 and 3500 million years ago. The first life forms could have remained as they were, perpetually feeding and reproducing. However, they began evolving immediately.

Already between 3900 to 2500 million years ago the first organisms were using carbon dioxide as a carbon source and oxidizing inorganic materials to extract energy needed for living. By about 1850 million years ago, the first cellular organisms appeared containing membrane-bound organelles

 

THE FIFTH MIRACLE OF NATURE

The Fifth Miracle of Nature is this:

CERTAIN LIVING BEINGS DEVELOPED COMPLEX INSTINCTUAL BEHAVIOR

No thought is involved when a muscle contracts because of an electrical shock. That is pure "stimulus and response" and can be explained in terms of electrochemistry. It is not related to the Fifth Miracle.

If a worm contracts upon touch, is it the same? Who knows, but maybe there's at least the beginning of something beyond "stimulus and response."

A bird building a nest that is right for its species, even though the bird has never seen such a nest and hasn't been taught to do so, is using its mind in a way far beyond "stimulus and response." Information on how the nest should be built is encoded in the bird's DNA molecules -- encoded in terms of atom configurations in complex molecules.

It is miraculous that mere physical position of atoms on molecules can give rise to abstract notions in certain living species, and that the abstractions can be so vivid in the creature's mind that they can enter the real world through the creature's behavior.

 

THE SIXTH MIRACLE OF NATURE

The Sixth Miracle of Nature is this:

Instinctual behavior blossomed into consciousness, along with the ability to be inspired, have a sense of aesthetics, to grow spiritually, to override the dictates of our genes, and consciously to develop other traits harmonious with the rest of the evolving Universe.

A QUESTION:

If Fifth-Miracle instinct somehow arises from atom configuration on complex molecules in our genes, where do Sixth-Miracle inspiration, sense of esthetics and spirituality come from?

Once the concept of the Sixth Miracle has sunken in, you might like some practice thinking about it.

Who knows? However, it can be said that it's as if Fifth-Miracle impulses are "pushed" by our genes -- by the logic of the Universe put into place during the Big Bang -- but our Sixth-Miracle impulses feel as if they are "pulled" by something beyond us, something surrounding us, beckoning us forward, inviting us, drawing us into its Unity.

 

At this point, you might be interested in the concept of the One Thing

ONE THING, A ROCK, A TREE, & ME

A while back I wrote that I'd nearly decided that there's just One Thing. The idea is fun to think about and, if you accept it, there's all kind of guidance in it for everyday life. Here are some further thoughts developed this week:

In the beginning, as always, there was and is just One Thing -- everyplace, being, feeling and knowing everything. Then for some reason the One Thing saw fit, in many places in Her infinite fabric, to warp, undo, puncture, pinch Herself... No words exist to describe what was done, so we'll just use those, which at least convey the notion that the One Thing here and there disarranged Herself in a way that the disarranged spots seemed to manifest less of the One Thing's perfect completeness.

For example, the rock beside my foot is one of those disturbances. It exhibits mass, can be touched, and reflects light. Those features of disarrangement represent a profound degradation from the One Thing's infinite presence (where nothing is isolated from anything else, and physically touching things isn't necessary) and infinite radiance (from which merely reflecting light is a great come-down).

It's the same with the tree glowing in sunlight beside me, just that its disarrangement is even greater than the rock's. The tree, being alive, not only has been banished from the One Thing's infinite presence and radiance, but also -- with its distracting urgency to conduct life processes such as growing and photosynthesizing -- it can hardly be compared with the rock's solid state of being itself, and the One Thing's steady-state omnipresence and infinite awareness.

And it's the same with me, except that I am even more disarranged, more degenerate, than the tree. Beyond sharing the tree's cluster of diminishments, I spend my life thinking, feeling and imagining about many individual things, instead of eternally participating in the One Thing's unending omniscience.

And yet, as a baby, I was even more diminished from the One Thing's completeness, for then my whole world consisted of my own narrow needs, my own immediate wants; I was unable even to imagine a One Thing.

But, with time, I identified with other people, things and ideas, and grew more and more beyond myself. Today as a graybeard my personal boundaries are dissolving as more and more I am charmed by, and profoundly empathize with, the rainbow Universe around and beyond me. My life, it seems to me as I look back, has been a step-by-step -- but usually plodding and circuitous -- journey back into the One Thing.

NOTE: The One Thing concept has been known for thousands of years. Nowadays it's often known as Monism. The Wikipedia page on Monism describes how over the centuries the concept has developed liberal and conservative interpretations, and many schools who can't agree with one another on certain details. For me, the One Thing/Monism concept is no more than the fact that everything in the Universe and beyond, if there is a beyond, is a manifestation of the One Thing. Simple as that.

And, why would the One Thing bother with such scattered disarrangements of Herself as this rock, this tree, and myself? Think of people who pinch themselves to make sure they're not dreaming. And the the old Johnny Cash song where he sings "I hurt myself today to see if I still feel... "

Maybe we physical-world things expelled from the One Thing's completeness are the evolving One Thing's nerve endings, one of Her infinite ways of monitoring Herself, of knowing how She's feeling.

 

NEMATODE

 

What are Nematodes? | Department of Nematology

https://nematology.ucr.edu › about › what-are-nematodes

Why are nematodes important? ... Most nematodes feed on bacteria, fungi, or other microscopic creatures. As such, they are a major component of soil and sediment ...
Where are all these worms?

Nematodes have been reported from every continent on earth and occur in deserts, swamps, the oceans, the tropics and Antarctica. Usually nematodes are invisible to all but a few specialists because most are microscopic and transparent.

How many nematodes are there?

Although estimated numbers of species are in the millions, only a few thousand have been named; almost any shovel full of soil, freshwater or marine sediment is likely to have thousands of worms including new species.

Why are nematodes important?

Most nematodes feed on bacteria, fungi, or other microscopic creatures. As such, they are a major component of soil and sediment ecosystems. One species that feeds on soil bacteria, Caenorhabditis elegans, has gained fame as a research model: three specialists on the biology of this worm are the 2002 recipients of the Nobel prize in medicine.

A small fraction of all nematode species are parasites of humans, livestock or agricultural crops. Consequently, these have attracted the most attention from Nematology researchers. For example, root-knot, cyst and lesion nematodes are pests of a wide variety of crops and are annually responsible for billions of dollars of crop losses. Well known animal parasites with health and economic impact include pinworms, hookworms, trichina and dog heartworm.

Certain parasitic nematodes are helpful, including those that attack insects and are used to manage some harmful insects.

The name of the group Nematoda, informally called "nematodes", came from Nematoidea, originally defined by Karl Rudolphi (1808),[30] from Ancient Greek ??µa (nêma, nêmatos, 'thread') and -eid?? (-eides, 'species'). It was treated as family Nematodes by Burmeister (1837).[30]

The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda (also called Nemathelminthes), with plant-parasitic nematodes being known as eelworms.

Nematodes are microscopic creatures, that act as parasites on other insects. They release bacteria into the host's body to kill them. ... Unlike a chemical spray, which may drift off target, nematodes are specific to the host pest, so that other wildlife is not affected. You can buy nematodes online.

 

NEMATODE

Nematode - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Nematode

The nematodes or roundworms constitute the phylum Nematoda (also called Nemathelminthes), with plant-parasitic nematodes being known as eelworms.

?Caenorhabditis elegans · ?Hox gene · ?Nematomorpha · ?AscarididaeNematode species can be difficult to distinguish from one another. Consequently, estimates of the number of nematode species described to date vary by author and may change rapidly over time. A 2013 survey of animal biodiversity published in the mega journal Zootaxa puts this figure at over 25,000.[6][7] Estimates of the total number of extant species are subject to even greater variation. A widely referenced[8] article published in 1993 estimated there may be over 1 million species of nematode.[9] A subsequent publication vigorously challenged this claim on the grounds that it is unsupported by fact, estimating the figure to be as low as 40,000 species.[10] Although the highest estimates (up to 100 million species) have since been deprecated, estimates supported by rarefaction curves,[11][12] together with the use of DNA barcoding[13] and the increasing acknowledgment of widespread cryptic species among nematodes,[14] have placed the figure closer to 1 million species.[15]

Nematodes have successfully adapted to nearly every ecosystem: from marine (salt) to fresh water, soils, from the polar regions to the tropics, as well as the highest to the lowest of elevations (including mountains). They are ubiquitous in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial environments, where they often outnumber other animals in both individual and species counts, and are found in locations as diverse as mountains, deserts, and oceanic trenches. They are found in every part of the earth's lithosphere,[16] even at great depths, 0.9–3.6 km (3,000–12,000 ft) below the surface of the Earth in gold mines in South Africa.[17][18][19][20][21] They represent 90% of all animals on the ocean floor.[22] In total, 4.4 × 1020 nematodes inhabit the Earth's topsoil, or approximately 60 billion for each human, with the highest densities observed in tundra and boreal forests.[23] Their numerical dominance, often exceeding a million individuals per square meter and accounting for about 80% of all individual animals on earth, their diversity of lifecycles, and their presence at various trophic levels point to an important role in many ecosystems.[23][24] They have been shown to play crucial roles in polar ecosystems.[25][26] The roughly 2,271 genera are placed in 256 families.[27] The many parasitic forms include pathogens in most plants and animals. A third of the genera occur as parasites of vertebrates; about 35 nematode species occur in humans.[27]

Nathan Cobb, a nematologist, described the ubiquity of nematodes on Earth as thus:

In short, if all the matter in the universe except the nematodes were swept away, our world would still be dimly recognizable, and if, as disembodied spirits, we could then investigate it, we should find its mountains, hills, vales, rivers, lakes, and oceans represented by a film of nematodes. The location of towns would be decipherable since, for every massing of human beings, there would be a corresponding massing of certain nematodes. Trees would still stand in ghostly rows representing our streets and highways. The location of the various plants and animals would still be decipherable, and, had we sufficient knowledge, in many cases even their species could be determined by an examination of their erstwhile nematode parasites.[28]

The term is from Greek ??µat?d?? (plural ??µat?de??), ntr. ??µat?de? (plural ??µat?d?);[29] Latin: Nematoda.
Etymology?[edit]

The word nematode comes from the Modern Latin compound of nemat- "thread" (from Greek nema, genitive nematos "thread," from stem of nein "to spin"; see needle) + -odes "like, of the nature of" (see -oid).
History?[edit]

In 1758, Linnaeus described some nematode genera (e.g., Ascaris), then included in the Vermes.

The name of the group Nematoda, informally called "nematodes", came from Nematoidea, originally defined by Karl Rudolphi (1808),[30] from Ancient Greek ??µa (nêma, nêmatos, 'thread') and -eid?? (-eides, 'species'). It was treated as family Nematodes by Burmeister (1837).[30]

At its origin, the "Nematoidea" erroneously included Nematodes and Nematomorpha, attributed by von Siebold (1843). Along with Acanthocephala, Trematoda, and Cestoidea, it formed the obsolete group Entozoa,[31] created by Rudolphi (1808).[32] They were also classed along with Acanthocephala in the obsolete phylum Nemathelminthes by Gegenbaur (1859).

In 1861, K. M. Diesing treated the group as order Nematoda.[30] In 1877, the taxon Nematoidea, including the family Gordiidae (horsehair worms), was promoted to the rank of phylum by Ray Lankester. The first clear distinction between the nemas and gordiids was realized by Vejdovsky when he named a group to contain the horsehair worms the order Nematomorpha. In 1919, Nathan Cobb proposed that nematodes should be recognized alone as a phylum.[33] He argued they should be called "nema" in English rather than "nematodes" and defined the taxon Nemates (later emended as Nemata, Latin plural of nema), listing Nematoidea sensu restricto as a synonym.

However, in 1910, Grobben proposed the phylum Aschelminthes and the nematodes were included in as class Nematoda along with class Rotifera, class Gastrotricha, class Kinorhyncha, class Priapulida, and class Nematomorpha (The phylum was later revived and modified by Libbie Henrietta Hyman in 1951 as Pseudoceolomata, but remained similar). In 1932, Potts elevated the class Nematoda to the level of phylum, leaving the name the same. Despite Potts' classification being equivalent to Cobbs', both names have been used (and are still used today) and Nematode became a popular term in zoological science.[34]

Since Cobb was the first to include nematodes in a particular phylum separated from Nematomorpha, some researchers consider the valid taxon name to be Nemates or Nemata, rather than Nematoda,[35] because of the zoological rule that gives priority to the first used term in case of synonyms.

Phylogeny?[edit]

The phylogenetic relationships of the nematodes and their close relatives among the protostomian Metazoa are unresolved. Traditionally, they were held to be a lineage of their own, but in the 1990s, they were proposed to form the group Ecdysozoa together with moulting animals, such as arthropods. The identity of the closest living relatives of the Nematoda has always been considered to be well resolved. Morphological characters and molecular phylogenies agree with placement of the roundworms as a sister taxon to the parasitic Nematomorpha; together, they make up the Nematoida. Along with the Scalidophora (formerly Cephalorhyncha), the Nematoida form the clade Cycloneuralia, but much disagreement occurs both between and among the available morphological and molecular data. The Cycloneuralia or the Introverta—depending on the validity of the former—are often ranked as a superphylum.[36]

Nematode systematics?[edit]

Due to the lack of knowledge regarding many nematodes, their systematics is contentious. An early and influential classification was proposed by Chitwood and Chitwood[37]—later revised by Chitwood[38]—who divided the phylum into two classes—Aphasmidia and Phasmidia. These were later renamed Adenophorea (gland bearers) and Secernentea (secretors), respectively.[39] The Secernentea share several characteristics, including the presence of phasmids, a pair of sensory organs located in the lateral posterior region, and this was used as the basis for this division. This scheme was adhered to in many later classifications, though the Adenophorea were not in a uniform group.

Initial studies of incomplete DNA sequences[40] suggested the existence of five clades:[41]
Dorylaimida
Enoplia
Spirurina
Tylenchina
Rhabditina

The Secernentea seem to be a natural group of close relatives, while the "Adenophorea" appear to be a paraphyletic assemblage of roundworms that retain a good number of ancestral traits. The old Enoplia do not seem to be monophyletic, either, but do contain two distinct lineages. The old group "Chromadoria" seems to be another paraphyletic assemblage, with the Monhysterida representing a very ancient minor group of nematodes. Among the Secernentea, the Diplogasteria may need to be united with the Rhabditia, while the Tylenchia might be paraphyletic with the Rhabditia.[42]

The understanding of roundworm systematics and phylogeny as of 2002 is summarised below:

Phylum Nematoda
Basal order Monhysterida
Class Dorylaimida
Class Enoplea
Class Secernentea Subclass Diplogasteria (disputed)
Subclass Rhabditia (paraphyletic?)
Subclass Spiruria
Subclass Tylenchia (disputed)

"Chromadorea" assemblage

Later work has suggested the presence of 12 clades.[43] The Secernentea—a group that includes virtually all major animal and plant 'nematode' parasites—apparently arose from within the Adenophorea.

In 2019, a study identified one conserved signature indel (CSI) found exclusively in members of the phylum Nematoda through comparative genetic analyses.[44] The CSI consists of a single amino acid insertion within a conserved region of a Na(+)/H(+) exchange regulatory factor protein NRFL-1 and is a molecular marker that distinguishes the phylum from other species.[44]

A major effort by a collaborative wiki called 959 Nematode Genomes is underway to improve the systematics of this phylum.[45]

A complete checklist of the world's nematode species can be found in the World Species Index: Nematoda.[46]

An analysis of the mitochondrial DNA suggests that the following groupings are valid[47]
subclass Dorylaimia
orders Rhabditida, Trichinellida and Mermithida
suborder Rhabditina
infraorders Spiruromorpha and Oxyuridomorpha

Anatomy?[edit]

Internal anatomy of a male C. elegans nematode
Nematodes are very small, slender worms: typically about 5 to 100 µm thick, and 0.1 to 2.5 mm long.[48] The smallest nematodes are microscopic, while free-living species can reach as much as 5 cm (2 in), and some parasitic species are larger still, reaching over 1 m (3 ft) in length.[49]:271 The body is often ornamented with ridges, rings, bristles, or other distinctive structures.[50]

The head of a nematode is relatively distinct. Whereas the rest of the body is bilaterally symmetrical, the head is radially symmetrical, with sensory bristles and, in many cases, solid 'head-shields' radiating outwards around the mouth. The mouth has either three or six lips, which often bear a series of teeth on their inner edges. An adhesive 'caudal gland' is often found at the tip of the tail.[51]

The epidermis is either a syncytium or a single layer of cells, and is covered by a thick collagenous cuticle. The cuticle is often of a complex structure and may have two or three distinct layers. Underneath the epidermis lies a layer of longitudinal muscle cells. The relatively rigid cuticle works with the muscles to create a hydroskeleton, as nematodes lack circumferential muscles. Projections run from the inner surface of muscle cells towards the nerve cords; this is a unique arrangement in the animal kingdom, in which nerve cells normally extend fibers into the muscles rather than vice versa.[51]

Digestive system?[edit]

The oral cavity is lined with cuticle, which is often strengthened with structures, such as ridges, especially in carnivorous species, which may bear a number of teeth. The mouth often includes a sharp stylet, which the animal can thrust into its prey. In some species, the stylet is hollow and can be used to suck liquids from plants or animals.[51]

The oral cavity opens into a muscular, sucking pharynx, also lined with cuticle. Digestive glands are found in this region of the gut, producing enzymes that start to break down the food. In stylet-bearing species, these may even be injected into the prey.[51]

No stomach is present, with the pharynx connecting directly to a muscleless intestine that forms the main length of the gut. This produces further enzymes, and also absorbs nutrients through its single-cell-thick lining. The last portion of the intestine is lined by cuticle, forming a rectum, which expels waste through the anus just below and in front of the tip of the tail. The movement of food through the digestive system is the result of the body movements of the worm. The intestine has valves or sphincters at either end to help control the movement of food through the body.[51]

Excretory system?[edit]

Nitrogenous waste is excreted in the form of ammonia through the body wall, and is not associated with any specific organs. However, the structures for excreting salt to maintain osmoregulation are typically more complex.[51]

In many marine nematodes, one or two unicellular 'renette glands' excrete salt through a pore on the underside of the animal, close to the pharynx. In most other nematodes, these specialized cells have been replaced by an organ consisting of two parallel ducts connected by a single transverse duct. This transverse duct opens into a common canal that runs to the excretory pore.[51]

Nervous system?[edit]

See also: Muscle arms

Four peripheral nerves run along the length of the body on the dorsal, ventral, and lateral surfaces. Each nerve lies within a cord of connective tissue lying beneath the cuticle and between the muscle cells. The ventral nerve is the largest, and has a double structure forward of the excretory pore. The dorsal nerve is responsible for motor control, while the lateral nerves are sensory, and the ventral combines both functions.[51]

The nervous system is also the only place in the nematode body that contains cilia, which are all nonmotile and with a sensory function.[52][53]

At the anterior end of the animal, the nerves branch from a dense, circular nerve (nerve ring) round surrounding the pharynx, and serving as the brain. Smaller nerves run forward from the ring to supply the sensory organs of the head.[51]

The bodies of nematodes are covered in numerous sensory bristles and papillae that together provide a sense of touch. Behind the sensory bristles on the head lie two small pits, or 'amphids'. These are well supplied with nerve cells and are probably chemoreception organs. A few aquatic nematodes possess what appear to be pigmented eye-spots, but whether or not these are actually sensory in nature is unclear.[51]

Reproduction?[edit]

Extremity of a male nematode showing the spicule, used for copulation, bar = 100 µm[54]
Most nematode species are dioecious, with separate male and female individuals, though some, such as Caenorhabditis elegans, are androdioecious, consisting of hermaphrodites and rare males. Both sexes possess one or two tubular gonads. In males, the sperm are produced at the end of the gonad and migrate along its length as they mature. The testis opens into a relatively wide seminal vesicle and then during intercourse into a glandular and muscular ejaculatory duct associated with the vas deferens and cloaca. In females, the ovaries each open into an oviduct (in hermaphrodites, the eggs enter a spermatheca first) and then a glandular uterus. The uteri both open into a common vulva/vagina, usually located in the middle of the morphologically ventral surface.[51]

Reproduction is usually sexual, though hermaphrodites are capable of self-fertilization. Males are usually smaller than females or hermaphrodites (often much smaller) and often have a characteristically bent or fan-shaped tail. During copulation, one or more chitinized spicules move out of the cloaca and are inserted into the genital pore of the female. Amoeboid sperm crawl along the spicule into the female worm. Nematode sperm is thought to be the only eukaryotic cell without the globular protein G-actin.

Eggs may be embryonated or unembryonated when passed by the female, meaning their fertilized eggs may not yet be developed. A few species are known to be ovoviviparous. The eggs are protected by an outer shell, secreted by the uterus. In free-living roundworms, the eggs hatch into larvae, which appear essentially identical to the adults, except for an underdeveloped reproductive system; in parasitic roundworms, the lifecycle is often much more complicated.[51]

Nematodes as a whole possess a wide range of modes of reproduction.[55] Some nematodes, such as Heterorhabditis spp., undergo a process called endotokia matricida: intrauterine birth causing maternal death.[56] Some nematodes are hermaphroditic, and keep their self-fertilized eggs inside the uterus until they hatch. The juvenile nematodes then ingest the parent nematode. This process is significantly promoted in environments with a low food supply.[56]

The nematode model species C. elegans, C. briggsae, and Pristionchus pacificus, among other species, exhibit androdioecy,[57] which is otherwise very rare among animals. The single genus Meloidogyne (root-knot nematodes) exhibits a range of reproductive modes, including sexual reproduction, facultative sexuality (in which most, but not all, generations reproduce asexually), and both meiotic and mitotic parthenogenesis.

The genus Mesorhabditis exhibits an unusual form of parthenogenesis, in which sperm-producing males copulate with females, but the sperm do not fuse with the ovum. Contact with the sperm is essential for the ovum to begin dividing, but because no fusion of the cells occurs, the male contributes no genetic material to the offspring, which are essentially clones of the female.[51]

Free-living species?[edit]

Different free-living species feed on materials as varied as bacteria, algae, fungi, small animals, fecal matter, dead organisms, and living tissues. Free-living marine nematodes are important and abundant members of the meiobenthos. They play an important role in the decomposition process, aid in recycling of nutrients in marine environments, and are sensitive to changes in the environment caused by pollution. One roundworm of note, C. elegans, lives in the soil and has found much use as a model organism. C. elegans has had its entire genome sequenced, the developmental fate of every cell determined, and every neuron mapped.

Parasitic species?[edit]

Eggs (mostly nematodes) from stools of wild primates
Nematodes that commonly parasitise humans include ascarids (Ascaris), filarias, hookworms, pinworms (Enterobius), and whipworms (Trichuris trichiura). The species Trichinella spiralis, commonly known as the 'trichina worm', occurs in rats, pigs, bears, and humans, and is responsible for the disease trichinosis. Baylisascaris usually infests wild animals, but can be deadly to humans, as well. Dirofilaria immitis is known for causing heartworm disease by inhabiting the hearts, arteries, and lungs of dogs and some cats. Haemonchus contortus is one of the most abundant infectious agents in sheep around the world, causing great economic damage to sheep. In contrast, entomopathogenic nematodes parasitize insects and are mostly considered beneficial by humans, but some attack beneficial insects.

One form of nematode is entirely dependent upon fig wasps, which are the sole source of fig fertilization. They prey upon the wasps, riding them from the ripe fig of the wasp's birth to the fig flower of its death, where they kill the wasp, and their offspring await the birth of the next generation of wasps as the fig ripens.

Colorized electron micrograph of soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera sp.) and egg
A newly discovered parasitic tetradonematid nematode, Myrmeconema neotropicum, apparently induces fruit mimicry in the tropical ant Cephalotes atratus. Infected ants develop bright red gasters (abdomens), tend to be more sluggish, and walk with their gasters in a conspicuous elevated position. These changes likely cause frugivorous birds to confuse the infected ants for berries, and eat them. Parasite eggs passed in the bird's feces are subsequently collected by foraging C. atratus and are fed to their larvae, thus completing the lifecycle of M. neotropicum.[58]

Similarly, multiple varieties of nematodes have been found in the abdominal cavities of the primitively social sweat bee, Lasioglossum zephyrus. Inside the female body, the nematode hinders ovarian development and renders the bee less active, thus less effective in pollen collection.[59]

Plant-parasitic nematodes include several groups causing severe crop losses. The most common genera are Aphelenchoides (foliar nematodes), Ditylenchus, Globodera (potato cyst nematodes), Heterodera (soybean cyst nematodes), Longidorus, Meloidogyne (root-knot nematodes), Nacobbus, Pratylenchus (lesion nematodes), Trichodorus, and Xiphinema (dagger nematodes). Several phytoparasitic nematode species cause histological damages to roots, including the formation of visible galls (e.g. by root-knot nematodes), which are useful characters for their diagnostic in the field. Some nematode species transmit plant viruses through their feeding activity on roots. One of them is Xiphinema index, vector of grapevine fanleaf virus, an important disease of grapes, another one is Xiphinema diversicaudatum, vector of arabis mosaic virus.

Other nematodes attack bark and forest trees. The most important representative of this group is Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, the pine wood nematode, present in Asia and America and recently discovered in Europe.

Agriculture and horticulture?[edit]

Depending on its species, a nematode may be beneficial or detrimental to plant health. From agricultural and horticulture perspectives, the two categories of nematodes are the predatory ones, which kill garden pests such as cutworms and corn earworm moths, and the pest nematodes, such as the root-knot nematode, which attack plants, and those that act as vectors spreading plant viruses between crop plants.[60] Plant-parasitic nematodes are often known as eelworms and attack leaves and buds. Predatory nematodes can be bred by soaking a specific recipe of leaves and other detritus in water, in a dark, cool place, and can even be purchased as an organic form of pest control.[citation needed]

Rotations of plants with nematode-resistant species or varieties is one means of managing parasitic nematode infestations. For example, marigolds, grown over one or more seasons (the effect is cumulative), can be used to control nematodes.[61] Another is treatment with natural antagonists such as the fungus Gliocladium roseum. Chitosan, a natural biocontrol, elicits plant defense responses to destroy parasitic cyst nematodes on roots of soybean, corn, sugar beet, potato, and tomato crops without harming beneficial nematodes in the soil.[62] Soil steaming is an efficient method to kill nematodes before planting a crop, but indiscriminately eliminates both harmful and beneficial soil fauna.

The golden nematode Globodera rostochiensis is a particularly harmful variety of nematode pest that has resulted in quarantines and crop failures worldwide. CSIRO has found a 13- to 14-fold reduction of nematode population densities in plots having Indian mustard Brassica juncea green manure or seed meal in the soil.[63]

Epidemiology?[edit]

Disability-adjusted life year for intestinal nematode infections per 100,000 in 2002.

File:Anthelmintic effect of papain on Heligmosomoides bakeri.ogv
Play media

Anthelmintic effect of papain on Heligmosomoides bakeri
A number of intestinal nematodes cause diseases affecting human beings, including ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm disease. Filarial nematodes cause filariases.

Soil ecosystems?[edit]

Further information: Soil ecology

About 90% of nematodes reside in the top 15 cm (6") of soil. Nematodes do not decompose organic matter, but, instead, are parasitic and free-living organisms that feed on living material. Nematodes can effectively regulate bacterial population and community composition—they may eat up to 5,000 bacteria per minute. Also, nematodes can play an important role in the nitrogen cycle by way of nitrogen mineralization.[48]

One group of carnivorous fungi, the nematophagous fungi, are predators of soil nematodes.[64] They set enticements for the nematodes in the form of lassos or adhesive structures.[65][66][67]

Society and culture?[edit]

Nematode worms (C. elegans), part of an ongoing research project conducted on the 2003 Space Shuttle Columbia mission STS-107, survived the re-entry breakup. It is believed to be the first known life form to survive a virtually unprotected atmospheric descent to Earth's surface.[68][69]

See also?[edit]
Biological pest control – Controlling pests using other organisms
Capillaria – Genus of roundworms
List of organic gardening and farming topics
List of parasites of humans – Wikipedia list article
Toxocariasis – Illness of humans caused by larvae of the dog, the cat or the fox roundworm: A helminth infection of humans caused by the dog or cat roundworm, Toxocara canis or Toxocara cati
Worm bagging – Process where nematode eggs hatch within the parent and the larvae proceed to consume and emerge from the parent...

 

 

-
-
-
-
8
NEMATODE
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
1
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
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5
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
2
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
M
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4
3
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
A
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1
4
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
5
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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6
6
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
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6
-
-
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D
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4
7
1
D
4
4
4
-
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-
-
4
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-
-
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=
5
8
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
41
-
8
NEMATODE
77
32
32
-
1
2
3
8
15
6
7
8
9
-
-
4+1
-
-
-
7+7
3+2
3+2
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
14
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
8
NEMATODE
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
1
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
3
-
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-
7
8
9
E
=
5
2
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
3
-
5
-
7
8
9
M
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4
3
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
3
4
-
-
7
8
9
A
=
1
4
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
3
-
-
-
7
8
9
T
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2
5
1
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20
2
2
-
-
2
3
-
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-
7
8
9
O
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6
6
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15
6
6
-
-
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3
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6
7
8
9
D
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4
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4
4
4
-
-
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3
4
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7
8
9
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5
8
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
3
-
5
-
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
41
-
8
NEMATODE
77
32
32
-
1
2
3
8
15
6
7
8
9
-
-
4+1
-
-
-
7+7
3+2
3+2
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
14
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9

 

LETTERS TRANSPOSED INTO NUMBER REARRANGED IN NUMERICAL ORDER

 

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NEMATODE
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1
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6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
4
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
3
-
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7
8
9
T
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2
5
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
3
-
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-
7
8
9
M
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3
1
M
13
4
4
-
-
-
3
4
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7
8
9
D
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4
7
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
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3
4
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7
8
9
N
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5
1
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N
14
5
5
-
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-
3
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5
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7
8
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5
5
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6
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3
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6
7
8
9
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-
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-
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-
-
-
-
-
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-
-
-
-
-
-
-
41
-
8
NEMATODE
77
32
32
-
1
2
3
8
15
6
7
8
9
-
-
4+1
-
-
-
7+7
3+2
3+2
-
-
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
14
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
5
5
5
-
1
2
3
8
6
6
7
8
9

 

 

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-
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NEMATODE
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2
4
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6
-
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1
4
1
A
1
1
1
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5
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2
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4
4
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6
1
O
15
6
6
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
41
-
8
NEMATODE
77
32
32
-
2
8
15
6
-
-
4+1
-
-
-
7+7
3+2
3+2
-
-
-
1+5
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
14
5
5
-
2
8
6
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
8
NEMATODE
5
5
5
-
2
8
6
6

 

 

SECERNENTEA

Due to the lack of knowledge regarding many nematodes, their systematics is contentious. An early and influential classification was proposed by Chitwood and Chitwood[37]—later revised by Chitwood[38]—who divided the phylum into two classes—Aphasmidia and Phasmidia. These were later renamed Adenophorea (gland bearers) and Secernentea (secretors), respectively.[39] The Secernentea share several characteristics, including the presence of phasmids, a pair of sensory organs located in the lateral posterior region, and this was used as the basis for this division.

Secernentea
Animal
Description
Secernentea was a class of nematodes in the Classical Phylogeny System and is no longer in use. This morphological-based classification system has been replaced by the Modern Phylogeny system, where taxonomy assignment is based on small subunit ribosomal DNA. Wikipedia
Higher classification: Roundworms

Scientific name: Secernentea

SECERNENTEA

 

-
-
-
-
11
SECERNENTEA
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
1
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
2
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
C
=
3
3
1
C
3
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
4
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
R
=
9
5
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
N
=
5
6
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
7
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
8
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
9
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
10
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
11
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
46
-
11
SECERNENTEA
109
55
46
-
2
2
3
4
30
6
7
8
9
-
-
4+6
-
1+1
-
1+0+9
5+5
4+6
-
-
-
-
-
3+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
2
SECERNENTEA
10
10
10
-
2
2
3
4
3
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+0
-
-
-
1+0
1+0
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
SECERNENTEA
1
1
1
-
2
2
3
4
3
7
7
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
11
SECERNENTEA
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
1
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
2
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
C
=
3
3
1
C
3
3
3
-
-
-
3
4
-
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
4
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
R
=
9
5
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
9
N
=
5
6
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
7
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
N
=
5
8
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
T
=
2
9
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
10
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
A
=
1
11
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
46
-
11
SECERNENTEA
109
55
46
-
2
2
3
4
30
6
7
8
9
-
-
4+6
-
1+1
-
1+0+9
5+5
4+6
-
-
-
-
-
3+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
2
SECERNENTEA
10
10
10
-
2
2
3
4
3
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+0
-
-
-
1+0
1+0
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
SECERNENTEA
1
1
1
-
2
2
3
4
3
7
7
8
9

 

LETTERS TRANSPOSED INTO NUMBER REARRANGED IN NUMERICAL ORDER

 

-
-
-
-
11
SECERNENTEA
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
1
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
A
=
1
11
1
A
1
1
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
T
=
2
9
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
4
-
6
7
8
-
C
=
3
3
1
C
3
3
3
-
-
-
3
4
-
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
2
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
4
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
N
=
5
6
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
7
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
N
=
5
8
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
E
=
5
10
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
4
5
6
7
8
-
R
=
9
5
1
R
18
9
9
-
-
-
-
4
-
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
46
-
11
SECERNENTEA
109
55
46
-
2
2
3
4
30
6
7
8
9
-
-
4+6
-
1+1
-
1+0+9
5+5
4+6
-
-
-
-
-
3+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
-
2
SECERNENTEA
10
10
10
-
2
2
3
4
3
6
7
8
9
-
-
1+0
-
-
-
1+0
1+0
1+0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
SECERNENTEA
1
1
1
-
2
2
3
4
3
7
7
8
9

 

 

ANY SUFFICIENTLY ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY IS INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM MAGIC

 

-
-
-
-
11
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
1
3
ANY
40
13
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
2
12
SUFFICIENTLY
149
68
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
A
=
1
3
8
ADVANCED
54
27
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
T
=
2
4
10
TECHNOLOGY
124
52
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
I
=
9
5
2
IS
28
19
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
6
17
INDISTINGUISHABLE
182
101
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
F
=
6
7
4
FROM
52
25
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
M
=
4
8
5
MAGIC
33
24
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
33
-
61
First Total
662
329
41
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
14
8
9
-
-
3+3
-
6+1
Add to Reduce
6+6+2
3+2+9
4+1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Second Total
14
14
5
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
7
Essence of Number
5
5
1
-
1
2
3
9
9
9
5
8
9

 

 

SO U LIVE

SO U LEARN

SO U LOVE

SOUL

CREATION REACTION CREATION

REACTION CREATION REACTION

CREATORS REACTORS CREATORS

REACTORS CREATORS REACTORS

SOUL

SO U LIVE

SO U LEARN

SO U LOVE

 

THE HUMAN CONSCIENCE
METEMPSYCHOSIS
METAMORPHOSIS
CHRIST
SOLON
THE HUMAN CONSCIENCE
OCCULT
INCA
SECRET WISDOM
SOLON
METAMORPHOSIS
EGO OF THE GODLESS
THE, EGO, OF, THE GODLESS
CHRYSALIS, CH, R, YSA, L, IS
CATERPILLAR, PUPA, BUTTERFLY, MOTH
LARVA, PUPA
CHRYSALIS, CRYSTAL, CRYSTALS
CHRIST, CHRYSALIS, CRYSTAL, CRYSTALS, CRYSTALLIZE,
CRYSTALLIZED, CRYSTALLLIZATION
GODS, CREATORS
RAMESSES
RA MESSIAH, RA, MESSIAH
UFO, UNIDENTIFIED, FLYING, OBJECT
INSECT, CATERPILLAR, LARVAE, LARVA, PUPA, PAPAE
IMAGO, IMAGES
I, INCA, I, NCA

 

 

T
=
2
-
3
THE
33
15
6
H
=
8
-
4
HOLY
60
24
6
W
=
5
-
4
WORD
60
24
6
S
-
15
4
11
Add to Reduce
153
63
18
-
-
1+5
-``
1+1
Reduce to Deduce
1+5+3
6+3
1+8
S
-
6
-
2
Essence of Number
9
9
9

 

 

A
=
1
-
1
A
1
1
1
H
=
8
-
5
HUMAN
57
21
3
B
=
2
-
5
BEING
37
28
1
-
-
11
4
11
First Total
95
50
5
-
-
1+1
1
1+1
Add to Reduce
9+5
5+0
-
-
-
2
-
2
Second Total
14
5
5
-
-
-
4
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
-
-
-
-
2
-
2
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

 

-
-
-
-
A
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
O
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
-
-
-
-
A
T
O
N
E
M
E
N
T
-
-
-
-
M
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
N
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
T
-
-
-
-

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
A
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
B
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
R
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
C
-
-
-
-
-
A
B
R
A
C
A
D
A
B
R
A
-
-
-
-
-
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
B
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
R
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
-
-
-
-
-

 

 

A
-
-
-
A
-
-
-
-
A
-
B
-
-
-
B
-
-
-
R
-
-
-
R
-
-
R
-
-
B
-
-
-
-
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
C
C
D
-
-
-
-
A
B
R
A
C
A
D
A
B
R
A
-
-
-
-
C
D
D
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
A
-
A
-
A
-
-
-
-
-
R
-
-
B
-
-
B
-
-
-
B
-
-
-
R
-
-
-
R
-
A
-
-
-
A
-
-
-
-
A

 

 

What Is Intelligent Design?

Intelligent design refers to a scientific research program as well as a community of scientists, philosophers and other scholars who seek evidence of design in nature. The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection. Through the study and analysis of a system’s components, a design theorist is able to determine whether various natural structures are the product of chance, natural law, intelligent design, or some combination thereof. Such research is conducted by observing the types of information produced when intelligent agents act. Scientists then seek to find objects which have those same types of informational properties which we commonly know come from intelligence. Intelligent design has applied these scientific methods to detect design in irreducibly complex biological structures, the complex and specified information content in DNA, the life-sustaining physical architecture of the universe, and the geologically rapid origin of biological diversity in the fossil record during the Cambrian explosion approximately 530 million years ago.

See the New World Encyclopedia entry on intelligent design.

Is Intelligent Design Creationism?

No. The theory of intelligent design is simply an effort to empirically detect whether the “apparent design” in nature acknowledged by virtually all biologists is genuine design (the product of an intelligent cause) or is simply the product of an undirected process such as natural selection acting on random variations. Creationism typically starts with a religious text and tries to see how the findings of science can be reconciled to it. Intelligent design starts with the empirical evidence of nature and seeks to ascertain what inferences can be drawn from that evidence. Unlike creationism, the scientific theory of intelligent design does not claim that modern biology can identify whether the intelligent cause detected through science is supernatural.

Honest critics of intelligent design acknowledge the difference between intelligent design and creationism. University of Wisconsin historian of science Ronald Numbers is critical of intelligent design, yet according to the Associated Press, he “agrees the creationist label is inaccurate when it comes to the ID [intelligent design] movement.” Why, then, do some Darwinists keep trying to conflate intelligent design with creationism? According to Dr. Numbers, it is because they think such claims are “the easiest way to discredit intelligent design.” In other words, the charge that intelligent design is “creationism” is a rhetorical strategy on the part of Darwinists who wish to delegitimize design theory without actually addressing the merits of its case.

Is Intelligent Design a Scientific Theory?

Yes. The scientific method is commonly described as a four-step process involving observations, hypothesis, experiments, and conclusion. Intelligent design begins with the observation that intelligent agents produce complex and specified information (CSI). Design theorists hypothesize that if a natural object was designed, it will contain high levels of CSI. Scientists then perform experimental tests upon natural objects to determine if they contain complex and specified information. One easily testable form of CSI is irreducible complexity, which can be discovered by experimentally reverse-engineering biological structures to see if they require all of their parts to function. When ID researchers find irreducible complexity in biology, they conclude that such structures were designed.

 

Education History Philosophy Science

Intelligent Design | The Definitive Source on ID

https://intelligentdesign.org

The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, ...

[ in'tel?j?nt di-'zin ]
The theory of intelligent design holds that certain features of the universe and of living things are best explained by an intelligent cause, not an undirected process such as natural selection.

Introductory Intermediate dvanced

Topics

evolution intelligent design DNA Origin of Life defining intelligent design irreducible complexity natural selection Information Theory darwinism fine-tuning specified complexity scientific method science and religion chemical evolution Complexity biochemistry information information enigma detecting design evidence for intelligent design peer-reviewed teaching evolution mathematics conflict myth Charles Darwin Cambrian Explosion history of intelligent design Icons of Evolution history of science Research RNA Paleontology molecular evolution molecular machines mousetrap methodological naturalism teach the controversy Kitzmiller v. Dover legal issues abiogenesis genetics peppered moths theory of evolution Probability Peer Review biology evidence for evolution bacterial flagellum abductive reasoning purposeful arrangement of parts cell biology textbooks fossils Francis Crick biological complexity taxonomic classification taxonomy worms naturalism demarcation semantics philosophy of science cosmology intentionality inference to the best explanation life sciences materialism scientific progress scientific theories eyes The Origin of Species common ancestry tree of life convergent evolution convergence homology cilium pedagogy Proteins academic freedom William Paley just-so stories origins physics science versus science falsifiability testability Thomas Aquinas Research Program Isaac Newton has-iframe greek philosophy defining evolution Darwinian Evolution aristotle education policy Darwin's finches

 

I
=
9
-
11
INTELLIGENT
127
55
1
D
=
4
-
6
DESIGN
58
40
4
-
-
13
-
17
First Total
185
95
5
-
-
1+3
-
1+7
Add to Reduce
1+8+5
9+5
-
-
-
4
-
8
Second Total
14
14
5
-
-
-
-
-
Reduce to Deduce
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
4
-
8
Essence of Number
5
5
5

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
INTELLIGENT DESIGN
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
I
=
9
1
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
N
=
5
2
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
3
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
4
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
5
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
L
=
3
6
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
7
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
G
=
7
8
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
E
=
5
9
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
N
=
5
10
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
T
=
2
11
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
INTELLIGENT DESIGN
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
D
=
4
13
1
D
4
4
4
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
E
=
5
14
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
S
=
1
15
1
S
19
10
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
I
=
9
16
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
9
G
=
7
17
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
N
=
5
18
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
86
-
9
INTELLIGENT DESIGN
185
95
5
-
1
4
6
4
30
6
14
8
27
-
-
8+6
-
-
-
1+8+5
9+5
-
-
-
-
-
-
3+0
-
1+4
-
2+7
-
-
14
-
9
INTELLIGENT DESIGN
14
14
5
-
1
4
6
4
5
6
5
8
9
-
-
1+4
-
-
-
1+4
1+4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
9
INTELLIGENT DESIGN
5
5
5
-
1
4
6
4
5
6
5
8
9

 

 

-
-
-
-
-
INTELLIGENT DESIGN
-
-
-
-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
I
=
9
1
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
N
=
5
2
1
N
14
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
T
=
2
3
1
T
20
2
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
6
-
8
-
E
=
5
4
1
E
5
5
5
-
-
-
-
-
5
6
-
8
-
L
=
3
5
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
8
-
L
=
3
6
1
L
12
3
3
-
-
-
3
-
-
6
-
8
-
I
=
9
7
1
I
9
9
9
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
8
9
G
=
7
8
1
G
7
7
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
7
8
-